Influence of Ball Possession on Physical and Technical Patterns With Different Team Formation in Soccer Players



elite soccer players, percentage ball possession, tactical formation, match demands analysis, physical performance, technical profile


The main objective was to analyze interactive effects of two levels of percentage ball possession (>55% BP vs. <55% BP) related to different team formations (1-4-2-1-3 vs. 1-3-4-3) on running and technical patterns during professional soccer matches. Match data were collected from Argentinean First League using GPS and video tracking system (n=68 games). Match performance included distances covered in different intensities: moderate running (14.9–19.8 km/h), high speed (19.9–25.2 km/h) and sprint (>25.2 km/h). Number of runs above 19.8 km/h and maximal running speed (m.s) were determined. Match analysis included ball possession (min), total and successful passes, interceptions and shots to goal. During >55%BP, more significant values were observed for sprint distance and maximum speed in 1-4-2-1-3 formation (p<0.05). Sprint distance was the only variable with higher values in 1-4-2-1-3 during both >55% and <55%BP (p<0.05). Players performed more minutes of ball possession in 1-4-2-1-3 than those in 1-3-4-3 (p<0.05). This trend was evident for total and successful passes (p<0.01). Playing teams formation represents an influence on physical activity and technical profiles when >55%BP. These data could be useful for training prescription based on tactical strategy according to competition demands when ball possession is a dependent variable. 


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