Quality-of-Life Outcomes in Individuals with a History of Sport-Related Concussion and ACL Reconstruction


  • Haleigh Gray Charleston Southern University
  • Ryan Moran The University of Alabama
  • Josh Simer The University of Alabama
  • Dustin Grooms Ohio University


mild traumatic brain injuries, psychological considerations, physical functioning


The effect of sport-related injuries such as anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears and sport-related concussion (SRC) on health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) has received increasing consideration. While previous literature has begun considering HRQoL associated with these injuries, little is known about these effects specifically of those suffering multiple injuries. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of previous concussion and ACL reconstruction on HRQoL in college-aged individuals. A sample of 47 active college-aged students were categorized into four groups: previous history of SRC, previous ACL reconstruction, combination of SRC and ACL, control group. All participants completed the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) assessing HRQoL. Results showed that there was a significant difference in physical function between all groups (p=0.003) with the ACL group scoring the lowest (93.33±6.5). There was also a significant difference between all groups in the general health category (p=0.042). All other categories were found to have no significant differences across groups. College-aged students who previously sustained a SRC and/or ACL tear and reconstruction may have lower HRQoL two or more years post injury, specifically in areas of physical function and general health indicating a need for further intervention and screening beyond one year post injury.


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